Pelagia

Fearsome Jellyfish

Mauve jellies move in droves, their nasty stings feared by swimmers.

In this episode

  • sipho300000
    Siphonophores
  • clytia_00000
    ClytiaClytia hemispherica
  • larveDeVelelle
    Velella larvaVelella velella
  • larve-danto
    Anthozoan larva
  • pelagia
    PelagiaPelagia noctiluca

Narration

Pelagia are purple-colored jellies about 10cm in diameter that glow at night in the waves. Their name comes from the Greek pelagos, for open sea; nocti, for night; and luca, for light.

Pelagia jellies like to move in great numbers, periodically invading beaches and scaring swimmers. Contact with their long tentacles triggers stinging cells with spiny filaments wound up like springs. These filaments inject toxins into the skin, causing irritation and nasty burns.

Crustaceans and fish larvae approach pelagia at their peril. Small prey are brought toward the mouth and ingested. Barely a week old, baby pelagia called “ephirules” can feed voraciously on small shrimp.

Male and female pelagia release sperm and eggs in abundance. After fertilization in the open sea, eggs quickly divide into rocket-shaped planula larvae covered with cilia. Each planula grows into a hat-shaped baby jellyfishwith a budding mouth and eight lobes.

Tentacles and sensory organs progressively appear and four large arms develop around the mouth.  A new purple stinger has emerged.

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Production
CNRS

Original Idea
Christian Sardet

Director
Noé Sardet

Texts
Christian Sardet, Sacha Bollet

Images
Christian Sardet, Noé Sardet

Editing
Noé Sardet

Sound mix
Noé Sardet

Voice
Natasha Noel

Creative Commons Licence :
Attribution Non-Commercial
No Derivative

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